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5 from 1 vote
How to Grill a Turkey on a Charcoal Grill
Prep Time
30 mins
Cook Time
3 hrs 20 mins
Resting Time
30 mins
Total Time
4 hrs 30 mins

Learn how to grill a turkey on a charcoal grill even if you have a big turkey! The smokey flavor is fantastic for your holiday dinner & amazing in leftovers.

Course: Main Course
Cuisine: American
Keyword: turkey
Servings: 18
Author: Leslie @ playdatesparties.com
  • Prepared turkey
  • Charcoal
  • Chimney Starter
  • Canola Oil
  • Wood for smoking recommend applewood
  • Remote meat/grilling thermometer
  • Grilling gloves for protection we use long gloves for the best protection
  • Aluminum flashing about 10 ft long
Preparing the Grill:
  1. First thing's first: No lighter fluid. Get a chimney starter. The flavor is so much better.

  2. Despite so many claims that lump charcoal is best, we prefer charcoal briquettes. Lump charcoal is unpredictable and often burns too fast and hot for smoking methods. (We've tested this for over a year now, and the results are pretty consistent)
  3. Don't use wood chips. Big hardwood chunks are great for long-smoking applications. Big chunks don't require soaking and smolder longer. Our experience also indicates that big hardwood chunks impart a stronger smoke flavor to the meat.
  4. Use a remote thermometer to keep track of the temperature of your meat. This way you don't have to let heat and smoke escape just to check temperature.
  5. Place an aluminum pan in the center of the grill to catch fat drippings. This helps to prevent flare-ups and also makes clean up a little bit easier. 

  6. Fold a paper towel into a square and use it to lightly oil the grill grates to help avoid sticking.
Grilling the Turkey:
  1. Prepare your charcoal in the chimney starter. Place charcoal inside the grill.
  2. Put the drip pan in the center of the grill, directly on top of the coals. 

  3. Put the turkey in the center of the grill, above the drip pan and insert the remote thermometer probe into the turkey breast.

  4. Arrange the aluminum flashing around the perimeter of the grill, between the grate and the sides of the grill. Place the lid of the grill on top of the flashing. Don’t worry, the flashing is strong enough to hold it up.
  5. Replace the coals about once an hour, or as needed, aiming to keep the grill below 300 F. Always wear protective gloves to remove the flashing during this process.

  6. When the remote thermometer reads 165 degrees Fahrenheit, the turkey is ready to remove from the grill. Grilling times will depend on the size of your turkey and the heat from your grill. (Our 18-pound turkey cooked in about 3.5 hours)

  7. Let the turkey rest for 15-20 minutes before carving.

Recipe Notes
  • Sadly, you won't get a lot of drippings from the turkey with this method. Plan another base for your Thanksgiving gravy.
  • We tried this technique again with a smaller turkey, and found that the flashing had warped from using it last year. This meant that we ended up with extremely high grilling temperatures. Thankfully a 15 pound turkey fit under the grill lid with no problems. The flashing method worked perfectly for us the first time, but be sure you’re prepared with a backup plan.